RACE

What  does race mean? The colour of our skin? Where we come from? Or is it something else?

Questions are being raised and protests have broken out at the latest killing of a black man. I’m certainly no racist a black man (Rodney Brown) saved my life on Lake Dallas way back while my white stepson watched on amused. I was drowning in the middle of the lake having gone overboard ahead of some School students. I was with thinking I’d check it was OK to swim after the captain of the boat said it was. It wasn’t I quickly got drawn under by the current and unfortunately the kids didn’t wait they jumped in too. It was mayhem, the crew panicked I was moving further away from the boat Rodney took control he threw the life belt hundreds of feet and I can recall that I was quickly going under when that ring fell in front of me. Thank you Rodney!

I’ve friends of many race and colour we are all the same we all bleed red. Unfortunately racism is worldwide, in the US in particular because of its history of slavery its ingrained into the fabric of many people there, but we should remember slavery has been around for thousands of years in all its forms. I’ve seen racism myself as a retired volunteer cop in Fort Worth. Officers there (of all races) were following orders when they did what they were told, but isn’t that what the Natzi’s said when they did what they did to all of those millions of human beings in the second world war?

R.A.C.E

Russia America China Extends racism into a whole different level. Three superpowers challenging for world supremacy, they do it by subterfuge, people are suffering in all three countries simply so their politicians can gain power. Racism creates hate, hate for each other a continual struggle to gain the upper hand. Racism is global and we the human race need to understand we’re on this planet together. We have far more important things to concern ourselves with instead of the hate that some people exploit for their own ends.

Climate change, Pandemics the list goes on and on. United we stand Divided we fall, but we seem incapable of understanding that. We humans are supposed to be the intelligent species on our Earth but IF we don’t put our differences aside we’ll be removed by nature itself, the Earth of course will continue with or without the human race.

Blind Justice

WITHOUT PREJUDICE  

Blind justice is a legal concept regarding the neutrality of the dispensing of justice, but should justice be blind?

I’ve experienced many interactions with the justice system in the USA the UK and Malta in most cases I’ve won my cause. As an ex volunteer cop and believer in fairness for all, I’ve been involved in cases against some very large companies and even when I haven’t ‘won’ the cost to one very large US company was in hundreds of thousands on dollars, and it cost me nothing apart from my time.

AT&T yes I won a case against them charging me for roaming charges when in the UK but the biggest case was when I went to the E.O.C (Equal Opportunities Commission) in a case I took against Nordstrom, one of the USA’s largest luxury department stores. The case went on for months, the FED agreed to support my case, however through some manipulation (which to this day I’ve never found out how) they got sidelined so I continued to pursue the case on my own. The reason why I was so incensed was that in the US if you suspect and don’t report child abuse you could face criminal charges and this is exactly what happened here. I had so much information that the Federal investigator said we had to narrow down some of the charges so we went with Discrimination. Once in the UK also in a previous job, I had to represent my company alone as our company in house solicitor was away. I won that case and recall the judge saying if the defendant refused to follow the contract he could be jailed wow rough justice maybe but it was well deserved.

Now this is not about blowing my own trumpet but I’m currently involved in a few skirmishes here in Gozo. I won’t bore you with all the details but one in particular involves one of the worlds largest manufacturers of Pacemakers. This company has flouted the rules around the world and I was the unfortunate recipient of one of their pacemakers which has since been removed (cut out) and replaced with another manufacturers device. I won’t name the company YET, however if they refuse to do the right thing then my campaign will continue.

This isn’t about just me its about all of us, we rely on the justice system to do the right thing, lawyers can be very tricky and I know from my US case the attorney (Kim) contacted me outside of the legal system, and being quite naive I gave her enough ammunition to save the company she was representing from being charged with a felony and that could have sent someone to prison. Clearly their chairman didn’t want that to happen and $000s were invested in the case.

Sometimes we have to keep an eye on what is really going on, as the saying goes “In the world of the blind the one eyed man is king”. Justice in all its shape and forms is essential for us all, it maintains our freedom. Now I was warned that if I published anything about this that I could be taken to court myself (but hey what can they do I’ve no money, I’m too old to be put in prison) and frankly my dear “I don’t give a damn”. Those of us that are in a position to speak out about injustice need to have our voices heard. And we need to make sure that this world is a better place for our children because “Children are our future”

Water and Public Relations Part 1

Not so long ago I was in a fancy restaurant in Malta and asked for some water, I was asked what kind and was shown a list! I chose a rather expensive bottle and was amused to find that it came from a village that I’d been visiting in the UK with the intention of buying a house. While I was looking around the village I noticed a spring of running water by the roadside and someone was filling containers with the free water from the spring. That was the very same water that the restaurant was selling for 3 euros a bottle. At the time I gave it little thought people selling something that you can get for free. Well if that isn’t good marketing what is? Water as it happens in one of the few things we need to survive along with the air we breath. Both are free (at the moment).

The power to convince people/manipulate or whatever you want to call it has been with us since the beginning of time, whether that be control of the masses or in this case finding an opportunity to just make money. Water will undoubtedly become more valuable than oil and in many places its already more expensive than a glass of the cheap house wine. So whats this all about.

The point is we used to be allowed to walk freely outside, breath in the air and enjoy our surroundings, but with this invention of “The virus” that’s been taken away from us. Religion! A Roman emperor once considered he needed a way to maintain order in his empire he came up with the new testament and picked (edited) the various parts he wanted to be published. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls demonstrated that there were many contradictions that we choose to ignore. This I guess is an example of one man having too much power of the rest of us.

How does this translate to our current situation? Viruses are free, bacteria is free. When I was a kid I played in the dirt, I drank water from a tap (or faucet as they say in some parts of the world) we gained a natural immunity. Now we are being told of the dangers of even going outside (and at the present time that’s quite true). Go outside without the proper authority and precautions and you can be fined, arrested or even shot! The world has gone mad, but it all boils down to Public Relations (controlling what we think). This is for everyone to consider, do we chose freedom or whatever the alternative is?

This by no means negates the fact that this virus can kill us, we have the proof of that from the “statistics”, but when all of this ‘panic’ is over I for one want to see a better world, equality, freedom and happiness.

Peace and Love

 

The Art of War Part 2b

I think I should keep this brief, people are scared and there is much misinformation out there. Bill Gates is branded as the man to blame, yet on the face of it he seems to be a nice guy wanting to use his riches to help the world. WHAT DO YOU THINK?

I’ve been busy on Facebook trying to unearth some of the facts (and remove the fiction), it’s a tough call. Whether B.G is indeed trying to create a 1 world government with his immense influence in China, WHO (The World Health Organisation) and many other philanthropic causes is for every one of us to make our own decision.

As I’ve said before there’s nothing to fear but fear itself (author unknown) but for many these are truly fearful times. So maybe its best to just suggest we all smile try to stay happy BUT IF you want to do your own research get going take care Peace and Love

The Art of War is a perfect blue print for what’s happening today with the corona virus. I used the following books translation https://www.amazon.com/Only-Award-Winning-English-Translation-Tzus/dp/1929194900/ref=sr_1_2?crid=2DBSIFQOASNXZ&dchild=1&keywords=sun+tzu%27s+the+art+of+war&qid=1586678383&s=books&sprefix=sun+tzu%27s+the+art+of+war%2Cstripbooks-intl-ship%2C325&sr=1-2

 

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THE ART OF WAR (Part 1?)

The art of war is a very old book (5th Century BC) written by a Chinese man called  Sun Tzu (Master Sun) in it he describes how to guanrantee to win a war.

Now as it happens Covid 19 described by some as the “Chinese Virus” is doing what others have tried but failed. Let me make it clear I’m not suggesting the Chinese people are evil but from what I’ve found their government is. Join the dots for yourselves and consider this YES they are sending other nations “life saving equipment” but in many cases this equipment has been found to be faulty. Let me start at the beginning.

I was sent a Facebook post it caught my attention it mentions Bill Gates and is he in “collusion with WHO”?. This is what it said:-

“I wonder why Fauci was so quick to want to shutdown the booming Trump economy all across the nation, why He wants to keep it down for months and months, why He is resisting the drugs that doctors say are proving effective treatment already, why He made funny faces behind Trumps back when the President mentioned “Deep State,” and why the liberal media freaked out when they didn’t see Fauci on stage…. I wonder….FACTS OR THEORY?

This whole pandemic and shutdown has been very bizarre but here are some more facts that makes you think, “what in the world is going on here?”

Fact 1. The Covid19 virus likely came from bats – the intermediate horseshoe bat.

Facts 2. It’s reported that the Chinese Wet Markets were not selling bats before the outbreak. As Tucker Carlson reported, “there are no known colonies [of the bat] within 900 kilometers of Wuhan”

Fact 3. There are two labs right next to the Wuhan wet markets. The Wuhan Institute of Virology and the Wuhan Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Fact 4. It is reported that these Wuhan Labs did have horseshoe bats as the Chinese Government Researchers were studying them and their viruses.

Fact 5. The Wuhan Institute of Virology is run by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Fact 6. Bill Gates, who is said to have “predicted” an outbreak years ago, is one of the biggest donors to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and was awarded their highest honor.

Fact 7. Bill Gates has advocated for “an extreme shutdown” of the economy “indefinitely” until there is a vaccine and is investing “billions” into developing a vaccine for covid19.

Fact 8. Certain medical experts, like Dr Ezekiel Emmanuel (A Joe Biden advisor and Obamacare Architect) have been saying that the economy cannot return to normal until the population is mass vaccinated 18 months from now.

Fact 9. Dr Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, who walked into the Oval Office and told President Trump to shutdown the economy, has a very close and long time relationship with Bill Gates and the Gates Foundation, as the Gates Foundation are big donors to Fauci’s Institution. He also is a deep state Obama Hillary supporter.

Fact 10. Hydroxychloroquine is an old Malaria drug that has been seen to be effective treatment against Covid19. Lupus patients take this drug and have not been infected with COVID19. Countries that fight Malaria and take this drug have also not had any Covid19 outbreaks.

Fact 11. Doctors who prescribe Hydroxychloroquine say this is a very safe drug at the doses prescribe and has zero risks for short term use – like treating COVID19.

Fact 12. Despite the on field testimony of doctors who have been using Hydroxychloroquine to treat covid19 with great effectiveness, Dr Fauci has been very much opposed to the use of this drug and is still pushing for a long term economic shutdown until there is a vaccine.

Fact 13. Bill Gates has also opposed hydroxychloroquine as “unproven” treatment for Covid19 and continues to push for a long economic shutdown until there is a vaccine.

Fact 14. So the man who wants to sell the world the vaccine for this virus has ties to the Wuhan lab where this virus likely originated.

I’m not interested in unprovable conspiracy theories. These are just some facts.

Additional Facts: a global economic collapse would be the perfect scenario for the the long desired establishment of a one world socialist government – new world order. Collapse the global economy so that the government and World Bank (IMF) can rebuild it. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) are both heavily involved in this crisis and are both departments of a World Government. Bill Gates is also one of the biggest donors to the World Health Organization. Besides Covid19, Gates is also involved in the Climate Change propaganda, another crisis to usher in a one world government. And selling a vaccine for a global pandemic would provide more needed funds to establish a one world order.

This virus is perfect for communism, as it targets the weak and elderly (those who are a drag on the socialist systems, pulling out more than they are putting in) while leaving the vast majority of the young and healthy and strong alone (to continue to labor and produce).

President Trump would be seriously messing up their plans by pushing for Hydroxychloroquine as a medical treatment that would help our hospitals from being overwhelmed (the reason given for the economic shutdown), by pushing for the economy to reopen ASAP, and now threatening to defund the World Health Organization for promoting Chinese propaganda during this pandemic, which enables the virus to spread globally. Now the director of W.H.O. issued a severe threat of “many body bags” if Trump cut off their funding.

Even today in his interview, Bill Gates advocated for a long economic shutdown until there is a vaccine, despite all that is now known about the low mortality rate of the virus for most people.

President Trump needs to declare May 1st as The National Get Back To Work Day! This would help prevent a global economic collapse and prevent any possible plans to rebuild a new world order of global socialism.”

Now as it happens I’m not against communism (in its pure form) however is there anyone who can be trusted to run this type of 1 world government?

There is so much stuff out there its difficult to know fact from fiction, it’s up to us all to decide what is true or untrue. I hate to think the power some people and organisations have over us. Take me (I wish someone would) ha ha. I have a Pacemaker fitted, how do I or the millions of others with these devices know what they are really doing?

DEATH AND TAXES

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Right now millions of people are worried about DEATH! When it comes to TAXES some of us are also worried for various reasons. As for me I’ve been ready for death for years, death as such doesn’t worry me, I’ve had a long innings not a particularly happy one but nevertheless “knock knock knocking on heavens door” at 70 is quite a long innings, and who knows when I come back either as a virus, tree or bird I’ll experience far fewer problems like TAXES!

Now I think I’ve written about this many times, in the past now 15 months sorting out my taxes and the stress surrounding it has taken a large portion of my time. I’ve worked 50 years of my life (I still work but not for wages), I’ve always paid tax of course, in the UK the tax system is relatively easy PAYE (Pay as you earn). So long as that worked out I never had to spend more than an hour a year to complete my taxes. However, compare that to the United States and their massively bureaucratic IRS. I spent 10 years in the USA most of the time working in education so when I left in 2015 I was of course not only due my social security payments but a reasonable teachers pension. Things went well and all was paid into my bank as as it should have been but suddenly without any warning or reason why the IRS started to deduct 30% tax.

Now yes we all have to pay taxes and in one of my favorite movies “Meet Joe Black” Brad Pitt as the grim reaper himself tells Anthony Hopkins their are two things you can’t escape in life Death and Taxes. However, I live in Malta, I’m a Brit (surprise) and as such I pay my taxes in Malta under the double taxation treaty between these two countries. But despite letters, and forms almost on a weekly basis I’ve not received and response.

The IRS have around 75000 employees they report to The Department of the Treasury with almost 90000 employees. Now compare that to say the UK their equivalent is the Department of the Treasury with around 1170 employees and when it comes to the the actual tax office that becomes a little harder to find as this department covers two areas customs and excise. However back to the IRS.

The IRS have over 800 different forms available take my latest for only 2 pages (not bad for the IRS) unfortunately that comes with 26 pages of instruction which itself has ‘hyperlinks’ to even more information. Consider the number of trees needed to make the paper where all that came from let alone the Billions of wasted hours spent filling them in. So if I was the IRS commissioner what would I do. ‘Keep it simple stupid’. Maybe just value added tax (a tax on what we consume) everything should be more transparent. So why doesn’t someone do something? A more sinister conspiracy theory might suggest its another way to control us. One of the most infamous quotes made by the New World Order clearly laid out that so long as you controlled the money you controlled everything and everyone. They no longer hide behind closed doors now they do what they do in the open because they believe they are immortal (and maybe that’s what they’re aiming for). IMMORTALITY. Get rid of the 99% and the 1% can live in their Utopian world. They have AI (artificial Intelligence) to do all the hard work, no need for us worker Bees and the space we take up,

The reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States (1776). The Latin phrase “novus ordo seclorum”, appearing on the reverse side of the Great Seal since 1782 and on the back of the U.S. one-dollar bill since 1935, translates to “New Order of the Ages”and alludes to the beginning of an era where the United States of America is an independent nation-state; conspiracy theorists claim this is an allusion to the “New World Order”.

Now I thought long and hard before I wrote this post, no point in scaring people unnecessarily, after all what can we mere mortals do about it? Well first of all I don’t want to be a blind sheep led into the gas ovens without a fight. Why should this 1% have it all their own way. So what can we do? Start by doing your own research, Google the terms used here, don’t take my word for it and when you finally realize that what I’ve written is true then those of you/us that are left should get together and decide for themselves united we stand divided we fall.

Dare to Dream

Dare to Dream (by me)

So I have this theory, when I dream I feel no physical pain, if its a good dream I will wake up happy and wish I could go back and continue the dream. Is dreaming like death or Nirvana or is it just a chance for our brain to reboot. This is an interesting proposition because if we can enter a dream state without the constant worries and pressures of the “real”world then isn’t that a better way to exist?

We will never really know what makes us dream maybe one day someone will be able to explain.

Wikipedia says “A dream is a succession of imagesideasemotions, and sensations that usually occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep.[1] The content and purpose of dreams are not fully understood, although they have been a topic of scientific, philosophical and religious interest throughout recorded historyDream interpretation is the attempt at drawing meaning from dreams and searching for an underlying message. The scientific study of dreams is called oneirology.[2]

Dreams mainly occur in the rapid-eye movement (REM) stage of sleep—when brain activity is high and resembles that of being awake. REM sleep is revealed by continuous movements of the eyes during sleep. At times, dreams may occur during other stages of sleep. However, these dreams tend to be much less vivid or memorable.[3] The length of a dream can vary; they may last for a few seconds, or approximately 20–30 minutes.[3] People are more likely to remember the dream if they are awakened during the REM phase. The average person has three to five dreams per night, and some may have up to seven;[4] however, most dreams are immediately or quickly forgotten.[5] Dreams tend to last longer as the night progresses. During a full eight-hour night sleep, most dreams occur in the typical two hours of REM.[6] Dreams related to waking-life experiences are associated with REM theta activity, which suggests that emotional memory processing takes place in REM sleep.[7]

Opinions about the meaning of dreams have varied and shifted through time and culture. Many endorse the Freudian theory of dreams – that dreams reveal insight into hidden desires and emotions.[qualify evidence] Other prominent theories include those suggesting that dreams assist in memory formation, problem solving, or simply are a product of random brain activation.[8]

Sigmund Freud, who developed the psychological discipline of psychoanalysis, wrote extensively about dream theories and their interpretations in the early 1900s.[9] He explained dreams as manifestations of one’s deepest desires and anxieties, often relating to repressed childhood memories or obsessions. Furthermore, he believed that virtually every dream topic, regardless of its content, represented the release of sexual tension.[10] In The Interpretation of Dreams (1899), Freud developed a psychological technique to interpret dreams and devised a series of guidelines to understand the symbols and motifs that appear in our dreams. In modern times, dreams have been seen as a connection to the unconscious mind. They range from normal and ordinary to overly surreal and bizarre. Dreams can have varying natures, such as being frightening, exciting, magicalmelancholic, adventurous, or sexual. The events in dreams are generally outside the control of the dreamer, with the exception of lucid dreaming, where the dreamer is self-aware.[11] Dreams can at times make a creative thought occur to the person or give a sense of inspiration.[12]

Ancient history

The Dreaming is a common term within the animist creation narrative of indigenous Australians for a personal, or group, creation and for what may be understood as the “timeless time” of formative creation and perpetual creating.[13]

The ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia have left evidence of dream interpretation dating back to at least 3100 BC.[14][15] Throughout Mesopotamian history, dreams were always held to be extremely important for divination[15][16] and Mesopotamian kings paid close attention to them.[15][14] Gudea, the king of the Sumerian city-state of Lagash (reigned c. 2144–2124 BC), rebuilt the temple of Ningirsu as the result of a dream in which he was told to do so.[15] The standard Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh contains numerous accounts of the prophetic power of dreams.[15] First, Gilgamesh himself has two dreams foretelling the arrival of Enkidu.[15] Later, Enkidu dreams about the heroes’ encounter with the giant Humbaba.[15] Dreams were also sometimes seen as a means of seeing into other worlds[15] and it was thought that the soul, or some part of it, moved out of the body of the sleeping person and actually visited the places and persons the dreamer saw in his or her sleep.[17] In Tablet VII of the epic, Enkidu recounts to Gilgamesh a dream in which he saw the gods AnuEnlil, and Shamash condemn him to death.[15] He also has a dream in which he visits the Underworld.[15]

The Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883–859 BC) built a temple to Mamu, possibly the god of dreams, at Imgur-Enlil, near Kalhu.[15] The later Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (reigned 668–c. 627 BC) had a dream during a desperate military situation in which his divine patron, the goddess Ishtar, appeared to him and promised that she would lead him to victory.[15] The Babylonians and Assyrians divided dreams into “good,” which were sent by the gods, and “bad,” sent by demons.[16] A surviving collection of dream omens entitled Iškar Zaqīqu records various dream scenarios as well as prognostications of what will happen to the person who experiences each dream, apparently based on previous cases.[15][18] Some list different possible outcomes, based on occasions in which people experienced similar dreams with different results.[15] Dream scenarios mentioned include a variety of daily work events, journeys to different locations, family matters, sex acts, and encounters with human individuals, animals, and deities.[15]

In ancient Egypt, as far back as 2000 BC, the Egyptians wrote down their dreams on papyrus. People with vivid and significant dreams were thought to be blessed and were considered special.[19] Ancient Egyptians believed that dreams were like oracles, bringing messages from the gods. They thought that the best way to receive divine revelation was through dreaming and thus they would induce (or “incubate”) dreams. Egyptians would go to sanctuaries and sleep on special “dream beds” in hope of receiving advice, comfort, or healing from the gods.[20]

Classical history

Dreaming of the Tiger Spring (虎跑夢泉)

In Chinese history, people wrote of two vital aspects of the soul of which one is freed from the body during slumber to journey in a dream realm, while the other remained in the body,[21] although this belief and dream interpretation had been questioned since early times, such as by the philosopher Wang Chong (27–97 AD).[21] The Indian text Upanishads, written between 900 and 500 BC, emphasizes two meanings of dreams. The first says that dreams are merely expressions of inner desires. The second is the belief of the soul leaving the body and being guided until awakened.

The Greeks shared their beliefs with the Egyptians on how to interpret good and bad dreams, and the idea of incubating dreams. Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams, also sent warnings and prophecies to those who slept at shrines and temples. The earliest Greek beliefs about dreams were that their gods physically visited the dreamers, where they entered through a keyhole, exiting the same way after the divine message was given.

Antiphon wrote the first known Greek book on dreams in the 5th century BC. In that century, other cultures influenced Greeks to develop the belief that souls left the sleeping body.[22] Hippocrates (469–399 BC) had a simple dream theory: during the day, the soul receives images; during the night, it produces images. Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–322 BC) believed dreams caused physiological activity. He thought dreams could analyze illness and predict diseases. Marcus Tullius Cicero, for his part, believed that all dreams are produced by thoughts and conversations a dreamer had during the preceding days.[23] Cicero’s Somnium Scipionis described a lengthy dream vision, which in turn was commented on by Macrobius in his Commentarii in Somnium Scipionis.

Herodotus in his The Histories, writes “The visions that occur to us in dreams are, more often than not, the things we have been concerned about during the day.”[24]Beginning of “The Dream of Macsen Wledig” from the White Book of Rhydderch, f.45.r

In Welsh history, The Dream of Rhonabwy (Welsh: Breuddwyd Rhonabwy) is a Middle Welsh prose tale. Set during the reign of Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys (died 1160), it is dated to the late 12th or 13th century. It survives in only one manuscript, the Red Book of Hergest, and has been associated with the Mabinogion since its publication by Lady Charlotte Guest in the 19th century. The bulk of the narrative describes a dream vision experienced by its central character, Rhonabwy, a retainer of Madog, in which he visits the time of King Arthur.[25]

Also in Welsh history, the tale ‘The Dream of Macsen Wledig’ is a romanticised story about the Roman emperor Magnus Maximus, called Macsen Wledig in Welsh. Born in Hispania, he became a legionary commander in Britain, assembled a Celtic army and assumed the title of Emperor of the Western Roman Empire in 383. He was defeated in battle in 385 and beheaded at the direction of the Eastern Roman emperor.[26]

Religious views

In Abrahamic religions

Jacob’s dream of a ladder of angels, c. 1690, by Michael Willmann

In Judaism, dreams are considered part of the experience of the world that can be interpreted and from which lessons can be garnered. It is discussed in the Talmud, Tractate Berachot 55–60.

The ancient Hebrews connected their dreams heavily with their religion, though the Hebrews were monotheistic and believed that dreams were the voice of one God alone. Hebrews also differentiated between good dreams (from God) and bad dreams (from evil spirits). The Hebrews, like many other ancient cultures, incubated dreams in order to receive a divine revelation. For example, the Hebrew prophet Samuel would “lie down and sleep in the temple at Shiloh before the Ark and receive the word of the Lord.” Most of the dreams in the Bible are in the Book of Genesis.[27]

Christians mostly shared the beliefs of the Hebrews and thought that dreams were of a supernatural character because the Old Testament includes frequent stories of dreams with divine inspiration. The most famous of these dream stories was Jacob’s dream of a ladder that stretches from Earth to Heaven. Many Christians preach that God can speak to people through their dreams. The famous glossary, the Somniale Danielis, written in the name of Daniel, attempted to teach Christian populations to interpret their dreams.

Iain R. Edgar has researched the role of dreams in Islam.[28] He has argued that dreams play an important role in the history of Islam and the lives of Muslims, since dream interpretation is the only way that Muslims can receive revelations from God since the death of the last prophet, Muhammad.[29]

In Hinduism

In the Mandukya Upanishad, part of the Veda scriptures of Indian Hinduism, a dream is one of three states that the soul experiences during its lifetime, the other two states being the waking state and the sleep state.[30]

In Buddhism

In Buddhism, ideas about dreams are similar to the classical and folk traditions in South Asia. The same dream is sometimes experienced by multiple people, as in the case of the Buddha-to-be, before he is leaving his home. It is described in the Mahāvastu that several of the Buddha’s relatives had premonitory dreams preceding this. Some dreams are also seen to transcend time: the Buddha-to-be has certain dreams that are the same as those of previous Buddhas, the Lalitavistara states. In Buddhist literature, dreams often function as a “signpost” motif to mark certain stages in the life of the main character.[31]

Buddhist views about dreams are expressed in the Pāli Commentaries and the Milinda Pañhā.[31]

Dreams and philosophical realism

Main article: Dream argumentA Dream of a Girl Before a Sunrise by Karl Bryullov (1830–1833)

Some philosophers have concluded that what we think of as the “real world” could be or is an illusion (an idea known as the skeptical hypothesis about ontology).

The first recorded mention of the idea was by Zhuangzi, and it is also discussed in Hinduism, which makes extensive use of the argument in its writings.[32] It was formally introduced to Western philosophy by Descartes in the 17th century in his Meditations on First Philosophy. Stimulus, usually an auditory one, becomes a part of a dream, eventually then awakening the dreamer.

Postclassical and medieval history

Some Indigenous American tribes and Mexican civilizations believe that dreams are a way of visiting and having contact with their ancestors.[33] Some Native American tribes used vision quests as a rite of passage, fasting and praying until an anticipated guiding dream was received, to be shared with the rest of the tribe upon their return.[34][35]

The Middle Ages brought a harsh interpretation of dreams.[citation needed] They were seen as evil, and the images as temptations from the devil. Many believed that during sleep, the devil could fill the human mind with corrupting and harmful thoughts. Martin Luther, the Protestant Reformer, believed dreams were the work of the Devil. However, Catholics such as St. Augustine and St. Jerome claimed that the direction of their lives was heavily influenced by their dreams. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dream

Well that’s some theory we shall see